The Milwaukee Fatherhood Initiative (MFI) evolved from a two-day training session held in October 2005. The session was conducted by staff from the Maryland-based National Fatherhood Initiative (NFI) at the request of Mayor Tom Barrett. More than 25 community leaders participated in this initial training session. Out of this planning session, a subcommittee emerged with the charge of convening a major, city-wide summit in the fall of 2006. The Milwaukee Fatherhood Initiative Conference was held on October 13 and 14, 2006, with more than 1,200 men attending.